Astrophysicist Recognized for Discovery of Solar WindPublication: National Geographic News Date: August 27, 2003 View Article
In 1958 Eugene Parker discovered that a stiff wind blows incessantly from the sun, filling local interstellar space with ionized gas. The discovery forever changed how scientists perceive space and helped explain many phenomena, from geomagnetic storms that knock out power grids on Earth to the formation of distant stars.
Now, for his groundbreaking discovery more than four decades ago, Parker, a professor emeritus of physics, astronomy, and astrophysics at the University of Chicago, will receive the 2003 Kyoto Prize for Lifetime Achievement for Basic Science on November 10 in Japan. The award, which comes with a gold medallion and a check for about U.S. $400,000, is one of three annual Kyoto Prizes that recognize significant contributions to the scientific, cultural, and spiritual development of humankind.