Neandertal’s Last Stand Was in Gibraltar, Study Suggests

A new cave discovery suggests that Neandertals survived until at least 28,000 years ago—2,000 years longer than previously thought.

The Iberian Peninsula—now home to Spain, Portugal, and Gibraltar—was a final holdout for Neandertals (often spelled “Neanderthals”) as modern humans spread across the rest of Europe and an ice age descended, a new study says.